Loom and Shuttle

Wool and viscose yarn arrives at the factory in hanks
 Woollen weft is transferred from hanks to bobbins
Cotton warp is prepared for the loom
Carpets are woven on traditional wooden looms 4 or 5m wide
Each loom is worked manually by 3 to 4 strong operatives
Without the help of electricity
Using a traditional wooden shuttle
Loops are woven over metal rods
Which are hand cut to create the pile
Here a smaller loom is used
To weave felted yarn into a ‘Pebbles’ rug
Carpets and rugs are stretched onto grippers and backed with latex
Actionbac is applied to the damp latex for structural stability
Newly backed carpets used to be dried in the sun, but now huge ovens provide constant drying temperatures all year round
Handwoven rugs receive a secondary cotton backing then are hand sewn round edges
Every rug and roll is checked, any tufts snipped or tiny imperfections repaired
Velvets are sheared. This is why rolls can vary in pile height and a light shear is sometimes necessary along seams
No carpet leaves the factory before a final check and a signature to its backing by Jacaranda’s quality controller
It’s then rolled
Wrapped and hand sewn into protective packaging for its journey west.



From yarn to carpet